Enable Recite me Accessibility Tools:
Accessibility Options
To find out more, please see here.

In this section, we have leaflets for the Respiratory Medicine department. Please only read the materials on the advice of your clinician.

The Recite Me accessibility tools can be used if you need assistance.


Click to download the Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease leaflet

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

COPD is a chronic lung condition often brought on by years of exposure to cigarette smoke or other inhaled substances. The condition tends to be progressive and can be made worse with lung infections causing flare-ups or “exacerbations” that often prompt admission to hospital.

By offering an individualized and comprehensive plan to help manage such flare-ups, our Respiratory Services aim to optimize your care and minimize disease progression and in doing so the frequency of future hospital admissions ... read more


Click to download the Lung Investigations leaflet

Lung Investigations

This booklet describes some tests that might be necessary over the next few days and weeks. Your doctor will be able to explain which have been booked already, and which may happen in the future. You will not need to have all of these tests ... read more


Click to download the Pleural Aspiration leaflet

Pleural Aspiration

A pleural cavity is the space between the two-layered membrane (pleura) that lines the outside of your lung and the inside of your ribcage. Your doctor may remove a sample of fluid from the space between the layers (pleural tap). If a lot of fluid has collected, your doctor will drain the fluid.

A pleural tap (or aspiration) is done to try and find the cause of a pleural effusion, or to remove enough fluid or air to help you to breathe more easily. A pleural (or chest) drain is done to remove a larger volume of fluid or air by inserting a small tube in your pleural space. Occasionally the doctor may have to take a small piece of the pleura (pleural biopsy) ... read more


Click to download the Tunnelled Indwelling Pleural Catheters leaflet

Tunnelled Indwelling Pleural Catheters

A TIPC is a specially designed small tube to drain fluid from around your lungs easily and painlessly whenever it is needed. This can stay in the chest cavity for many months and even for years in some cases. It avoids the need for repeated painful injections and insertion / removal of chest tubes every time fluid needs to be drained. The drainage can be performed either by you on your own or with the help of a nurse, whichever is easier for you.

The catheter is a soft flexible tube that is thinner than a pencil, which remains inside the chest and passes out through the skin. There is a valve on the outer end of the tube to prevent fluid leaking out ... read more