In this section, we have leaflets for the Endoscopy department. Please only read the materials on the advice of your clinician.
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Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio- Pancreatography (ERCP) is an examination that is performed using both endoscopy (a flexible telescope to look inside your gut) and X-Ray. It is used mainly to diagnose and treat conditions which affect the bile duct which is the part of your body that drains your bile from the liver into your small bowel. Sometimes the pancreatic duct, which drains digestive juices from the pancreas into the small bowel, is also examined ... read more
Colonoscopy is a test that allows the Endoscopist to directly inspect the inner lining of the colon (large intestine). This is done using an instrument called a colonoscope, which is carefully passed through the anus into the large intestine. The colonoscope is a long flexible tube, about the thickness of your index finger, with a bright light at its tip. The video camera on the colonoscope transmits images of the inside of the colon to a monitor allowing the Endoscopist to examine the lining of the colon for any disease or abnormalities ... read more
There are potentially lots of reasons for wanting to do an EUS. It is extremely good at showing the fine detail and depth of polyps and other abnormal areas within the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum. Sometimes this helps to plan surgery or other treatments. It can also be used to take biopsies or fine-needle aspirates (FNA) of surrounding glands, or from adjacent organs such as the pancreas. Sometimes it can be used to drain cysts or administer nerve blocks for pain relief ... read more
Oesophageal dilatation is where the stricture (narrowing) of your oesophagus (gullet) is stretched to improve your swallowing. This is done by using a special catheter (long, thin tube) with a balloon attached which expands the narrowing to make it easier for you to swallow ... read more
An oesophageal stent is a fabric covered metal mesh tube inserted down the oesophagus and across the blockage. It is passed by mouth into the oesophagus and positioned across the area that has narrowed. It gently expands to hold the narrowing in your oesophagus open and allows fluid and foods to pass down to the stomach more easily ... read more