The aim of this surgery is to replace / reconstruct your anterior cruciate ligament in order to restore stability to your knee joint. Occasionally other damaged structures are found that therefore need to be repaired or removed.
The knee joint is made up of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone) and the kneecap (patella). There are ligaments that help to stabilise the knee. There are two collateral ligaments either side of the knee and two ligaments inside the knee that cross each other. The ligaments that cross inside the knee are called the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) and the PCL (posterior cruciate ligament).
A meniscal tear may be the result of a twist – a typical injury for someone like a netballer or footballer or from repeated squatting. These tears may cause pain, swelling and a catching or locking sensation.
If not corrected, a meniscal tear, like dirt in the ball bearings of a machine, can irritate the smooth joint surface and damage the articular cartilage. This can lead to more serious problems such as arthritis.
A meniscal tear may be the result of a twist – a typical injury for someone like a netballer or footballer or from repeated squatting. These tears may cause pain, swelling and a catching, locking sensation or giving way. Some are a result of degenerative changes.
A meniscal tear can happen within the meniscus itself or at its root attachment to the bone. The latter is called a root tear. Root tears are not very common and behave differently to typical meniscal tears.